More than 300 km north of Lijiang, there lies the mysterious Lugu Lake, People call it the "Mother Lake". The deep blue water is crystal clear. To its northwest is the Goddess Gemu Mountain, which stands far away facing a second mountain said to be her lover. On the shores of the lake there is a women's kingdom, where the Mosuo people live and observe the social customs of a matriarchal society. Women play a leading role in the family economy. No marriage ceremony is held. Once a young man or woman is affirmed as grown up through a special ritual, he or she can live with his or her beloved. Their children special ritual, he or she can live with his or her beloved. Their children will be raised by the mother's family. Facing the water and beside the mountains,the Mosuo people live in houses called "Muleng", which are warm in winter and cool in summer. The fire basin in the principal room is the center of family life. Two pillars support the fire basin, the one on the left represents man and the one on the right, woman. This is where the ritual for celebrating adulthood is held.
According to the Mosuo tradition, Goddess Gemu is in charge of love, birth and grain. Every 25th day of the seventh lunar month is the day to make sacrifice to the Goddess. People burn pine branches and offer food and fresh flowers to her. Then they run beside the mountain and sing, dance and eat together by the lake. When night comes, campfires can be seen in every village. The young men and women join hands and dance happily around the fire,seeking their perfect love.